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Brief description of electric vehicle latest tech innovations

EVs Technology

Advanced Safety Systems

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Forward Collision Warning
The Forward Collision Warning system warns the driver with the sound and warning on information display, of possible danger ahead, the system uses both audible and visual warnings to alert the driver. Forward Collision Warning compares the vehicle's speed, with the speed of the vehicle ahead and determines if a collision has the potential to occur.

Intelligent Forward Collision Warning
The Intelligent Forward Collision Warning system uses a radar sensor located in the front of the vehicle to detects sudden movements of a second vehicle ahead in the same lane, alerting the driver of a potential risk of a forward collision. The system also detects the distances between the two cars ahead, as well as their relative speed. If the system determines that the vehicle needs to slow down due to a sudden change with the vehicles ahead, it prompts the driver by blinking the vehicle ahead detection indicator and sounding an audible alert.

Rear Cross Traffic Collision Warning
Rear Cross-Traffic Collision Warning system uses visual and audible alerts that are designed to warn of traffic, the system detects coming from either side when the car is in reverse. The system monitoring the area to the left and right and warns drivers if there's traffic approaching on either side.

Forward Collision Avoidance Assist
The Forward Collision-Avoidance Assist FCA system, utilises the front radar sensor and front camera to detect and monitor vehicles and pedestrians in front of the vehicle. If a potential collision is detected, the FCW system alert drivers with audible warning and display a visual warning in the cluster disply. Additionally, the system will automatically apply the brakes in the case of a potential collision.

Pre Collision System
Pre-Collision System uses an in-vehicle camera and laser to detect vehicles in front of the car. Pre-Collision is a safety system designed to reduce the possibility or severity of frontal collisions by warning drivers of impending crashes with vehicles ahead. The system helps drivers avoid a potential frontal collision in certain situations by alerting with audio and visual warnings 'beeping sound and warning will appear on dashboard information display'. These alerts should prompt drivers to take evasive action and brake, if the driver do not apply the brakes and the system determines that a collision with the preceding vehicle is extremely high, it may automatically apply the brakes without driver input.

Autonomous Emergency Braking
The Autonomous Emergency Braking system detects a potential collision ahead and prepares drivers by audibly warning, or is taking evasive action by applying the brakes. The system is using radars to measure the distance to vehicles in front and then reacts if that distance suddenly shorten, it will automatically brake the car if the driver fails to respond to a collision threat.

Collision Mitigation Braking
Collision Mitigation Braking system uses a front-mounted camera and millimeter wave radar to monitor traffic conditions ahead. If the vehicle in front suddenly stops, or a pedestrian is detected in the vehicle's path system alerts the driver. CMBS braking system determines the distance and closing speed of objects detected that lie directly ahead. The driver will be alerted with audible and visual warnings if the system determines the potential for a crash. The system will apply strong braking with the brake light if necessary.

Driver Attention Warning
Driver Attention Warning system is designed to monitor a number of vehicle and driver inputs and can alert the driver with beeping sound and warning on dashboard display, if it senses inattentive driving practice.

Blind Spot Collision Avoidance Assist
If driver try to change lanes while a vehicle is detected in the blind spot, the system displays a visual alert in the exterior mirrors and the flashing visual warning is provided and an audible alert is sounded. Blind-Spot Collision-Avoidance Assist-Rear system can help maintain the previous course.

Blind-Spot Collision Warning
The Blind-Spot Collision Warning uses radar sensors on either side of the rear bumper to detect vehicles next to and diagonally behind the car. If a vehicle is present in the blind spot, system displays a visual alert in the exterior mirrors. If the driver proceeds to activate indicator lights, a flashing visual warning is provided and an audible alert is sounded. The system also scans for vehicles approaching rapidly from the rear, and uses the warning measures to alert the driver of vehicles which may be entering the blind spot.

Safe Exit Assist
The Safe Exit Assist11 system alert the driver or passengers who are opening their doors to exit the vehicle when the system detects another vehicle, bicycle, or pedestrian approaching.

Blind Spot View Monitors
The Blind-Spot View Monitor display in the dashboard cluster blind spots action, show a live feed of driver blind spots.

Surround View Monitor
Using four mounted cameras, the Surround View Monitor projects a bird’s-eye view of the vehicle directly onto the dash screen for a virtually 360° perspective.

Blind Spot Information
The Blind Spot Information system Built-in sensors monitor the area surrounding your vehicle. It will alert the driver if a vehicle is detected on either the side. If the driver turns on their turn signal, the system will alert the driver with an audible and visual warning.

Pedestrian Monitoring
The Pedestrian Detection system can detect pedestrians using front radar, then issue audible or visual warnings to drivers, it will trigger automatic braking to slow or stop the car in order to avoid a collision if the driver fails to respond to the warnings. Some systems can also detetect cyclists.

Electric vehicle warning sounds designed to alert pedestrians of the electric vehicle approaching. The e-Sound pedestrian warning sound up to 30 km/h.

Adaptive Headlights
The Adaptive LED Front-Light system matches steering position as it bend along the road, the LED headlights are bright and highly energy efficient.

Park Distance Control
The Park Distance Control system warns drivers of nearby objects when parking. The system uses ultrasonic sensors embedded in the vehicle to detect objects a warning tone sounds to notify the driver. As the car get closer the frequency of the warning tone's beeping increases, until it becomes a solid tone when the vehicle is getting close to the nearest obstruction. Park Distance Control system may also include a visual representation of the car's situation on the dashboard display.

Driver Assistive Technology

Driver Assistive Technologies

play video   ProPILOT Assist Technology  

Semi-Autonomous Driving
The Semi-Autonomous driving systems are designed to reduce the stress of driving by automating tasks as: steering, accelerating and braking under certain conditions, the driver needs to be ready to take over at any moment.

Enhanced Autopilot
The Autopilot is an advanced driver assistance system features: lane centering assistance, adaptive cruise control, self-parking, ability to automatically change lanes and the ability to summon the car to and from a garage or parking spot.

ProPilot Assist
ProPilot driver assist allows hands-off highway driving, technology represents the first generation of advanced driver assistance features in EVs. With ProPilot drivers can keep their hands off of the wheel, the system is monitoring to make sure they're paying attention to the road and presumably ready to take over if necessary. It also combines the car's own sensor data with 3D high-definition maps for supported routes.

Highway Driving Assist
On the highways where speed limit information is available, the Highway Driving Assist system can adjust the vehicles cruising speed to match the vehicle detected ahead as well as changing speed limits.

Lane Following Assist
The Lane Following Assist system can follow lane markings that it detects, steering the vehicle along with the lane. The system uses front mounted camera to look for lane markers, the Electric Power Steering helps steer the vehicle. The system is able to identify road Botts Dots and other lane markings and is intended for highway use, working at high speed.

Smart Cruise Control 'Stop & Go'
Smart Cruise Control with Stop and Go, is designed to adapt to driving environment by automatically applying the brakes, or accelerator, to help maintain a predetermined distance from a vehicle it detects in front of the vehicle.

Single Pedal Driving
The high level of Regenerative Braking, to slow and stop quickly, makes one pedal driving possible. The regenerative braking increases vehicle range.
Single-Pedal Driving allows the driver to accelerate, decelerate and stop the vehicle using only the accelerator pedal. The Single-Pedal Driving mode must be selected by the driver. Easing off the accelerator pedal initiates the regenerative brake torque and to start the deceleration of the vehicle, brakes are engaged automatically when the vehicle comes to a complete stop.

e-Pedal One Pedal Driving
The e-Pedal operation must be selected by the driver, one pedal driving increases vehicle range. e-Pedal mode allows the driver to start, accelerate, decelerate and stop the car using only the accelerator pedal.
Easing off the accelerator pedal initiates the electric motor to generate regenerative brake torque and produce electricity, and to start the deceleration of the vehicle. The brakes are automatically applied when the car comes to a complete stop.

Radar-Based Energy Recuperation
EV Radar-based technology monitors the speed of the vehicle ahead and its distance. As the car adapt driving speed to the flow of traffic, the system automatically adjusts the car's regenerative braking to recuperate as much energy as possible, extending the driving range of the battery. A pair of paddles behind the steering wheel, also lets drivers manually select from three recuperation levels; gliding to maximum.
Avoiding having to use the brakes, just lifting off the accelerator will automatically bring in regenerative braking.
Vehicle is using regenerative braking in collaboration with the radar sensors. When the car approaching a downhill gradient, the system will advise the driver to lift off the accelerator and automatically switch into coasting until the vehicle start recuperating.

play video   Electric Drive Recuperation Info  

Regenerative Braking
EV's Regenerative Braking uses an electric vehicle's motor as a generator to convert much of the kinetic energy when decelerating back into the battery, as a result increases range efficiency. It is braking because it also serves to slow the vehicle, result in less brake wear so they last longer. It is regenerative because the energy is recaptured in the battery where it can be used again.

Radar Guided Cruise Control
The Radar Guided Cruise Control or Adaptive Cruise Control uses a radar, which is mounted at the front of the vehicle and a windshield mounted camera. These work together to determine the distance between your vehicle and the vehicle in front and maintain the following distance. When the vehicle ahead of you changes speed, vehicle will adjust by accelerating or decelerating as necessary.

Adaptive Cruise Control plus
Adaptive Cruise Control plus not only lets drivers set the desired speed for their commute, but it also allows drivers to set and maintain a desired following distance to the vehicle ahead. This means that drivers are able to use cruise control in light traffic.

Predictive Efficiency Assist
The Predictive Efficiency Assist system regulates the deceleration as needed and predicatively, in relation to the route or vehicles in front. The driver can adapt the deceleration effect by selecting the desired recuperation level via the shift paddles. The system remains active until the driver operates the accelerator pedal again.

Lane Keeping Assist
The Lane Keeping Assist System works to keep the vehicle in the middle of its lane. If the system detects the vehicle drifting from the centre of the lane, it will gently apply steering torque to guide the car back to the middle.

Road Departure Mitigation
The Road Departure Mitigation System identifies if a vehicle is about to leave the road. It uses a camera to identify lane markers and will warn the driver if they are going off the road. The system will apply moderate steering torque or braking if necessary.

Traffic Sign Recognition
The Traffic Sign Recognition system when vehicle approach a sign. The vehicle’s camera can scan the sign and read the speed that it is displaying. The limit will then display on the dash and head up display, helping the driver maintain the correct speed limits. The system works to ensure driver never miss a traffic sign.

Cross Traffic Monitor
The Cross Traffic Monitor system works when the Multi-Angle Rearview Camera is engaged. If the Sensing Suite detects traffic approaching from the side, it will alert the driver with a series of beeps and indicators to ensure that you are aware of the oncoming traffic, and can act accordingly.

Auto High-Beam Headlights
The Auto High-Beam Headlights system will switch on or off the High-Beam depending on the conditions, including the light around, level of traffic around and the speed. This function works when driving at night, above 40 km/hour and the headlight lever on the low-beam position.

High Beam Assist
The High Beam Assist can automatically switch the headlights to low-beam when an oncoming vehicle is detected, and switch back to high beams when it no longer detects such vehicles.

Multi-Angle Rearview Camera
The Multi-Angle rearview camera is a safety tool, which gives the driver a live video feed of what's behind the vehicle, while reversing. It automatically turns on when the car is shifted into revers.

Side View Mirror Cameras
Side-View Cameras use virtual mirrors with exterior cameras that stream image to a pair of digital displays inside of the car. The displays are embedded in the doors, directly beneath the windows where drivers are accustomed to look for the mirrors. The driver can use preprogrammed settings to adjust for highway driving, turning and parking. Driver can zoom in and out and aim the camera by tapping the display.

Side Camera Mirror System
Side Camera Mirror System is similar to the virtual door mirrors, it uses rear facing cameras and small screens in the cabin to show drivers the view down the car's flanks. The cameras sit in housings just below the window line, with their images fed back to dashboard screen. Reversing camera system with the mirrors, projecting guidelines to help drivers maneuver.

Tire Pressure Monitoring
uses a sensor mounted in the wheel to measure air pressure in each tire. When air pressure drops below the recommended level, the sensor transmits information to the car computer system, the system will alert the driver and triggers Low Tire Pressure indicator light.

Rain Sensing Wipers
The Rain Sensing Wiper system senses moisture on the windshield and automatically activates the wipers. It sends out a beam of infrared light when water droplets are on the windshield, is reflected back at different angles. This tells the Rain Sensing system to activate the wipers, as well as adjust wiper speed and frequency based on the intensity of the precipitation combined with the vehicle's speed.

Park Assist
The Park Assist serves to reduce frustration while parking, help drivers manoeuvre into and out of parallel and perpendicular parking spaces. Park Assist uses sensors in the front and rear bumpers to make urban parking easier by automating some of the manoeuvres to get safely into and out of parking spaces.

Vehicle Stability Assist
The Vehicle Stability Assist system helps to stabilize the vehicle during acceleration, cornering and braking. It also assists the driver maintaining traction while accelerating on loose or slippery road surfaces. Vehicle Stability Assist system uses a variety of sensors to monitor conditions and intervene to reduce the possibility of skidding, plowing and loss-of-traction events. The Traction Control function helps maintain stability and allows the vehicle to accelerate even on low friction surfaces such as wet pavement or ice.

Anti-Skid Monitoring
The Anti-Skid Technology does not allow the loss of traction of vehicles with the road surface. An Anti-Skid Monitoring system uses several sensors to detect a loss of grip in the vehicle, then works with the ABS anti-lock brake system to apply individual brakes to help keep the vehicle on its intended path. In some cases, an anti-skid system also reduces engine power.

Self Park
Selef Park Assistant can handle difficult parallel parking and tight spaces, the driver can maneuver in and out of parking spots with accuracy by having the system control the steering while drivers have full control of the accelerator and brakes. Just turn on Automatic Park and the parking will be done, even if drivers get too close to other objects the system will issue alert to warn about any potential obstacle.

Super Handling All Wheel Drive
Super Handling All-Wheel Drive is sophisticated system boosts high performance while providing the same all-weather advantages of conventional all-wheel drive. Technology provides seamless power transitions and agility. The system continuously determines the optimal level of power distribution between the front and rear wheels based on a continuous analysis of wheel speed, steering angle and G-force.

Electric Power Steering
An Electric Power Steering uses an electric motor to assist the driver, it applies torque to the steering column, assisting the driver to turn the steering wheel. Sensors detect the position of the steering wheel and any input from the driver to change the vehicle's direction. A control module applies assistive torque via the electric motor. If the driver is just holding the wheel steady at the straight-ahead position, the system doesn't provide any assistance.

Electronic Parking Brake
An Electronic Parking Brake replaces this mechanical system with an electrical one, when the driver pressing the Parking Brake switch, motors on each brake caliper squeeze the pads into the disc.

Digital Cockpit Technology

Comfort Systems

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Digital Cockpit
The Digital Cockpit is an intuitive, customizable LED digital display that lets drivers tailor the display to the driving needs. The built-in navigation puts the map right in front of the steering wheel so the driver can view the route.

Head Up Display
A Head-Up Display HUD projects information onto the lower part of the windshield, close to the driver's usual line of vision. Some the Head Up Display project on a transparent screen located between the vehicle steering wheel and the front windshield. The Head Up Display helps the drive maintain a view of both the road, and the information on the screen.

Touchscreen Infotainment Display
Infotainment LED high-resolution touchscreens display on the centre of the dash with Android Auto, Apple CarPlay, as well displays: rear-view camera, navigation and traffic information.

Active Suspension
Active Suspension System is a type of automotive suspension that controls the vertical movement of the wheels relative to the chassis or vehicle body with an onboard system.

Active Air Suspension
Active Air Suspension system reducing the space between the vehicle and the road improves aerodynamic performance and range. The optional Active Air Suspension automatically lowers the car when traveling at high speed over extended periods of time.

Configurable Dynamics
When Adaptive Dynamics mode is selected, the Configurable Dynamics system allows the driver to personalize acceleration, steering weighting and damper stiffness.

ECO Drive Mode
The Eco Drive mode reduced range anxiety and encouraged more efficient and Eco-friendly driving. Eco mode an average increase in efficiency of 10% compared to using the Drive mode. Eco mode the car is predisposed to accelerate slowly, means slower driving, less drain on the battery.

Petro-Canada EV fast charger

Levels of Charging

play video   Petro-Canada Free Fast Charge  

Level 1
Charging at home AC current 120 V - 20 Amp plugging into standard wall outlet. Electric vehicles come with a cord set that plugs into a wall outlet. The Level 1 is the slowest speed but the most economical of EV charging.

Level 2
The Level 2 public charging stations come in a variety of amperages ranging from 16 Amp to 40 Amp, charging stations require payment by the hour, there are EV stations that use a per session fee.
Driver can install 240 V Level 2 - 30 Amp or 40 Amp outlet in the garage to improve charging speed, for charging at home. Level 2 charging will full recharge electric vehicle over night.

Tesla is using own unique Level 2 standard, the J17772 adapter can be use to charge Teslas.

Level 3
Quick-Charge DC current 480 V is the highest levels of charging, is enough to provide an 80% charge to most EVs in less than 30 minutes. Level 3 charging is designed for long trips for fast recharge on the road.

Tesla Supercharger
DC current 480 V - 120 kW Fast Charging station, recharge battery to 80% in 30 min, your vehicle automatically alerts the drive when it has enough energy to continue the trip, charging above 80% isn’t typically necessary.

All electric cars and charging stations in North America use the same charging plug standard J plug - J17772, which means any car can use any Level 2 station across Canada and the U.S.